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authorEuAndreh <eu@euandre.org>2020-10-05 21:27:57 -0300
committerEuAndreh <eu@euandre.org>2020-10-10 14:31:24 -0300
commita7c4db7e9215694ef6c50debcc0b4e7402265687 (patch)
treed45b89f1758b34416e5157cb0e7404276c6fa49a /_articles/2018-07-17-running-guix-on-nixos.md
parenta43d7acccb007bb0673d02457dc9e1c7d3f2f1e5 (diff)
downloadwebsite-a7c4db7e9215694ef6c50debcc0b4e7402265687.tar.gz
Refactor i18n structure, remove layouts, add slides
Yep, this commit is too big big I didn't want to take the trouble of splitting it now. - _config.yml translation keys are now simetrical on the entitiy: articles, pastebins, tils, slides, etc.; - _posts were moved to _articles: the _posts collection had special treatment in Jekyll which I wanted to avoid; - the filtering of entries for the Atom feed is now done inside the _includes/feed.atom file instead of every feed file; - all entities are now dealt with using the pluralized name: articles, pastebins, tils, slides. No more inconsistencies on the key names, they now should only make sense as the translation value on the dictionary; - add base reveal.js infrastruture, with Jekyll generating the listing page and nothing else.
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+---
+title: Running Guix on NixOS
+date: 2018-07-17
+layout: post
+lang: en
+ref: running-guix-on-nixos
+---
+I wanted to run
+Guix on a NixOS machine. Even though the Guix manual explains how to do it
+[step by step][0], I needed a few extra ones to make it work properly.
+
+[0]: https://www.gnu.org/software/guix/manual/en/html_node/Binary-Installation.html#Binary-Installation
+
+I couldn't just install GuixSD because my wireless network card
+doesn't have any free/libre drivers (yet).
+
+## Creating `guixbuilder` users
+
+Guix requires you to create non-root users that will be used to perform
+the builds in the isolated environments.
+
+The [manual][1] already provides you with a ready to run (as root) command for
+creating the build users:
+
+[1]: https://www.gnu.org/software/guix/manual/en/html_node/Build-Environment-Setup.html#Build-Environment-Setup
+
+```bash
+groupadd --system guixbuild
+for i in `seq -w 1 10`;
+do
+ useradd -g guixbuild -G guixbuild \
+ -d /var/empty -s `which nologin` \
+ -c "Guix build user $i" --system \
+ guixbuilder$i;
+done
+```
+
+However, In my personal NixOS I have disabled [`users.mutableUsers`][2], which
+means that even if I run the above command it means that they'll be removed once
+I rebuild my OS:
+
+[2]: https://nixos.org/nixos/manual/index.html#sec-user-management
+
+```shell
+$ sudo nixos-rebuild switch
+(...)
+removing user ‘guixbuilder7’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder3’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder10’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder1’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder6’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder9’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder4’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder2’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder8’
+removing user ‘guixbuilder5’
+(...)
+```
+
+Instead of enabling `users.mutableUsers` I could add the Guix users by
+adding them to my system configuration:
+
+```nix
+{ config, pkgs, ...}:
+
+{
+
+ # ... NixOS usual config ellided ...
+
+ users = {
+ mutableUsers = false;
+
+ extraUsers =
+ let
+ andrehUser = {
+ andreh = {
+ # my custom user config
+ };
+ };
+ buildUser = (i:
+ {
+ "guixbuilder${i}" = { # guixbuilder$i
+ group = "guixbuild"; # -g guixbuild
+ extraGroups = ["guixbuild"]; # -G guixbuild
+ home = "/var/empty"; # -d /var/empty
+ shell = pkgs.nologin; # -s `which nologin`
+ description = "Guix build user ${i}"; # -c "Guix buid user $i"
+ isSystemUser = true; # --system
+ };
+ }
+ );
+ in
+ # merge all users
+ pkgs.lib.fold (str: acc: acc // buildUser str)
+ andrehUser
+ # for i in `seq -w 1 10`
+ (map (pkgs.lib.fixedWidthNumber 2) (builtins.genList (n: n+1) 10));
+
+ extraGroups.guixbuild = {
+ name = "guixbuild";
+ };
+ };
+}
+```
+
+Here I used `fold` and the `//` operator to merge all of the
+configuration sets into a single `extraUsers` value.
+
+## Creating the `systemd` service
+
+One other thing missing was the `systemd` service.
+
+First I couldn't just copy the `.service` file to `/etc` since in NixOS
+that folder isn't writable. But also I wanted the service to be better
+integrated with the OS.
+
+That was a little easier than creating the users, all I had to do was translate
+the provided [`guix-daemon.service.in`][3] configuration to an equivalent Nix
+expression
+
+[3]: https://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/guix.git/tree/etc/guix-daemon.service.in?id=00c86a888488b16ce30634d3a3a9d871ed6734a2
+
+```ini
+# This is a "service unit file" for the systemd init system to launch
+# 'guix-daemon'. Drop it in /etc/systemd/system or similar to have
+# 'guix-daemon' automatically started.
+
+[Unit]
+Description=Build daemon for GNU Guix
+
+[Service]
+ExecStart=/var/guix/profiles/per-user/root/guix-profile/bin/guix-daemon --build-users-group=guixbuild
+Environment=GUIX_LOCPATH=/root/.guix-profile/lib/locale
+RemainAfterExit=yes
+StandardOutput=syslog
+StandardError=syslog
+
+# See <https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guix-devel/2016-04/msg00608.html>.
+# Some package builds (for example, go@1.8.1) may require even more than
+# 1024 tasks.
+TasksMax=8192
+
+[Install]
+WantedBy=multi-user.target
+```
+
+This sample `systemd` configuration file became:
+
+```nix
+guix-daemon = {
+ enable = true;
+ description = "Build daemon for GNU Guix";
+ serviceConfig = {
+ ExecStart = "/var/guix/profiles/per-user/root/guix-profile/bin/guix-daemon --build-users-group=guixbuild";
+ Environment="GUIX_LOCPATH=/root/.guix-profile/lib/locale";
+ RemainAfterExit="yes";
+ StandardOutput="syslog";
+ StandardError="syslog";
+ TaskMax= "8192";
+ };
+ wantedBy = [ "multi-user.target" ];
+};
+```
+
+There you go! After running `sudo nixos-rebuild switch` I could get Guix
+up and running:
+
+```bash
+$ guix package -i hello
+The following package will be installed:
+ hello 2.10 /gnu/store/bihfrh609gkxb9dp7n96wlpigiv3krfy-hello-2.10
+
+substitute: updating substitutes from 'https://mirror.hydra.gnu.org'... 100.0%
+The following derivations will be built:
+ /gnu/store/nznmdn6inpwxnlkrasydmda4s2vsp9hg-profile.drv
+ /gnu/store/vibqrvw4c8lacxjrkqyzqsdrmckv77kq-fonts-dir.drv
+ /gnu/store/hi8alg7wi0wgfdi3rn8cpp37zhx8ykf3-info-dir.drv
+ /gnu/store/cvkbp378cvfjikz7mjymhrimv7j12p0i-ca-certificate-bundle.drv
+ /gnu/store/d62fvxymnp95rzahhmhf456bsf0xg1c6-manual-database.drv
+Creating manual page database...
+1 entries processed in 0.0 s
+2 packages in profile
+$ hello
+Hello, world!
+```
+
+Some improvements to this approach are:
+
+1. looking into [NixOS modules][4] and trying to bundle everything together
+ into a single logical unit;
+2. [build Guix from source][5] and share the Nix store and daemon with Guix.
+
+Happy Guix/Nix hacking!
+
+[4]: https://nixos.org/nixos/manual/index.html#sec-writing-modules
+[5]: https://www.gnu.org/software/guix/manual/en/html_node/Requirements.html#Requirements